The Genus lynx comprises four species: Two species occur in North America and two in Eurasia. The Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis) weighs 9-13 kg and its distribution ranges from Alaska to the border of Canada and United States. The bobcat (Lynx rufus) weighs 6-11 kg and ranges from southern Canada to Mexico. The Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) weighs 9-15 kg and its distribution is confined to the Iberian peninsula. The Iberian lynx is the cat species with the highest threat for extinction.


The Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) is the largest of the genus Lynx, weighing 18-25 kg. Males are heavier than females.
The distribution ranges from Europe to middle-east Asia.

Eurasian lynx have long, prominent black ear tufts, and a short black-tipped tail. Its relatively long legs and large feet provide a “snowshoe effect”, allowing for more efficient travel through deep snow. The coat is grayish, with tint varying from rusty to yellowish. A bright reddish tint, with profuse spotting, is seen most frequently in the southwestern part of the lynx’s range (southern Europe). There are three main coat patterns: predominantly spotted, predominantly striped, and unpatterned.

copyright : Progetto Lince Italia
autore: Paolo Molinari